Colours of Cannabis Explained

The infinite variety of traits exhibited by the same plant species is part of the magic of marijuana. A cannabis plant’s genetic heritage can determine whether they are tall and lanky or short and bushy. Cannabis can stimulate the taste buds with various flavours, while its aroma can delight the nose. There are a variety of marijuana colours to choose from.

The leaves of most cannabis strains are predominantly green when the plants are young, from lime green shades to greens that are so dark they have a purple tint. The colors of leaves and buds can change as the plant reaches maturity and begins to flower. Marijuana colors can be affected by several factors, such as temperature, nutrients, soil acidity, and light quality. These variables can significantly determine the visual appearance and ratio of the plant’s natural pigments, contributing to its various hues.

The Colors of Marijuana

Reds & Pink

The frequency of red hairs is higher, but you won’t see as many red buds or leaves. Red coloured Marijuana is a unique hybrid plant created by cross-pollinating three species of cannabis – Ruderalis, Indica, and Sativa. There aren’t many of these plants in existence, but there is nothing quite like the “Red” in terms of its powerful hybrid effects on both mind and body.

Some pinks have actual pink and fuchsia hues, like Grand Daddy Pink or Pink Kush. A significant difference between these and other hybrid varieties is their strong body-focused effects, including pain relief, pain control, and appetite reduction.


The compounds known as anthocyanins are typically present in cannabis flowers that are shades of blue. The pH level determines the colour of anthocyanins, and there are almost 500 kinds of them.

Anthocyanins are abundant in cannabis flowers with blue shades, making them among the most beautiful. If you select a blue strain of cannabis seeds and grow it outdoors when the temperature drops, it will naturally take on a blue glow.

Blue Widow, Blue Cheese, and Blubonik are popular strains. It is known that these strains are potent, providing relief from a variety of aches, pains, and stress. 


Many popular cannabis strains have purple hues, such as Grape ape, Purple Diesel, and Purple Kush, to name a few. Cannabis strains with high anthocyanin levels tend to be more fruity than those without.

Hybrid marijuana that is mostly Indica produces trichome-covered buds painted purple. Fresh earth and berries are evident in the fragrance of purple gorilla flowers, and their taste resembles freshly picked grapes. There are no specific benefits that differ from green coloured cannabis. 

Oranges and Yellows

Carotenoids can also influence colours in marijuana. Among the more than 750 carotenoids discovered, beta-carotene, lycopene, lutein, and zeaxanthin top the list. It’s scientifically proven that carotenoids convert to Vitamin A in the body and protect against macular degeneration and blue light, contributing to blindness. Plants such as carrots, squash, sweet potatoes, pumpkins, and tomatoes contain carotenoids that produce yellow, orange, and red colours. An abundance of carotenoids can be found in plants grown in alkaline soils.

The colours of marijuana can also be affected by yellow flavonoids. However, it should be noted that cannabis leaves and buds can also appear yellow due to nitrogen deficiency during growth. Orange Blossom, Orange cookies, Grapefruit, Tangerine, Golden Lemon, and Lemon haze are among strains with orange or yellow flowers. Hairs, or pistils, as they are called, are orange or red on some varieties of cannabis. The benefits of flavonoids are believed to offer anti-inflammatory ,anti-diabetic and anti-cancer properties. 


In rare instances, some strains almost seem black because they are so dark. These strains all share both the ebony buds and leaves characteristic of hybrids, such as Vietnamese Black and Black Mamba.

Psychedelic, cerebral highs are common to black strains. Those seeking visual effects should try this strain. Leaves are awash in all colours, which results in an inky appearance.


Chlorophyll, the pigment responsible for turning plants green, dominates the appearance of most flowering plants, including cannabis. Chlorophyll can sometimes mask other pigments in plant tissues by making them appear green. There are a vast number of benefits depending on the strain you choose.


A fully grown and harvested bud can often appear almost white, frosty or glistening due to the accumulation of trichomes. These flowers can be quite potent since they are packed

with cannabinoids and terpenes. ‘White Widow’ and ‘White Rhino’ are two strains known for their tendency to accumulate a vast amount of trichomes. Trichomes protect a cannabis plant from pests and predators and they offer a wide variety of medicinal and therapeutic benefits.


Even though marijuana with vivid colours can be attractive or visually stunning, hue is not the best indicator of potency apart from glistening buds with trichomes. In conjunction with cannabinoids and terpenes, anthocyanin appears to have a harmonious effect on CB1 and CB2 receptors found in the cells of the body.