Acute Side Effects
The THC cannabinoid in marijuana is often the cause of side effects associated with marijuana use. In general, however, THC is related to specific psychological effects, including euphoria and relaxation, but these effects are not always present.
Based on research results from a significant, long-term study, it was found that marijuana use wasn’t associated with respiratory diseases like lung cancer. Marijuana in long-term use is also not associated with an elevated risk of respiratory problems.
Despite the presence of carcinogens in marijuana smoke, it appears that light or moderate marijuana use does not increase the risk of lung cancer. According to a study published in the journal Cancer Research, there is mixed evidence about the carcinogenic effects of marijuana smoking for those continuously using it for a long time.
There is simply no consensus in the medical field regarding marijuana’s overall impact on the cardiovascular system. Researchers from California, New York, and Pennsylvania examined the effects of cannabis on heart health, blood pressure, and cholesterol. Previous studies found several limitations.
Nevertheless, the scientific community agrees that marijuana use will increase the heart rate by anywhere between 20 and 50 beats per minute for as much as three hours. The use of marijuana has also been linked to increased blood pressure and hypertension. However, more recent studies have contradicted these findings.
There is much evidence that marijuana has neuroprotective properties due to its non-psychoactive cannabinoid CBD. Consequently, medical marijuana is a drug that has the potential to treat a wide range of neurological diseases due to its protective effect. According to a randomized study of 2500 participants, chronic pain, related to neuropathy, is significantly reduced with the use of marijuana and could possibly replace the use of opioids in some circumstances.
Research is still ongoing, but some studies have shown that cannabis use may trigger or exacerbate mental health problems. Cannabis use has been said to exacerbate schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders according to the World Health Organization. In addition to anxiety and depression, marijuana users may experience paranoia due to taking the drug.
However, there are several studies that have indicated that cannabis can help treat certain mood disorders. Patients who have PTSD may also benefit from marijuana use’s effects on memory and cognition.
There is also conclusive evidence that marijuana not only treats chronic pain but it helps reduce nausea in patients who are undergoing chemotherapy as well as decreases spasticity, a common ailment for those with Multiple sclerosis.