Understanding Landrace Strains and Why They’re Important

Indica Strains

According to the root of the term, “Indica ” strains are related to feelings of sedation and relaxation and have an intense body high. Indicas are sometimes considered the “heaviest strains” of marijuana, offering more potent effects on the body and pain relief. They are popular among cannabis users as pain relievers and sedatives. 

Indica indicates a plant with broad leaves, darker coloration, and short bushy stature. The shorter flowering cycles of Indicas help make these strains more suitable for growing in colder environments.

Sativa Strains

 The Indica variety is usually called the “downer” of the cannabis family, whereas Sativa strains tend to be the “upper.”

Sativas are extremely popular for their uplifting and invigorating effects and ability to focus on the mind rather than the body. Similarly, Sativa plants are capable of enhancing the creative skills of the user. Artists and other creative individuals who utilize cannabis praise these strains.

Sativas are usually taller than Indicas. Sativa plants are more sparse than Indica plants; their light green, delicate leaves are long and narrow, and their female flowers have a featherlike appearance. These features make Sativa powerhouses under the right conditions, ideally warm.

Hybrid Strains

Indica and Sativa genetic elements make up a hybrid strain. Hybrid strains often induce the effects of both Sativa and Indica strains.

While the balance isn’t always a 50/50 balance of Sativa and Indica, hybrid strains allow users to enjoy the creative aspects of Sativa while enjoying the sedative characteristics of Indica. Hybrid strains are often called “Indica-dominant” or “Sativa-dominant,” which have a higher ratio of one strain.  

THC-Dominant Strains

A marijuana classification can also indicate the relative concentration of cannabinoids in different strains. Using categories helps distinguish strains of cannabis that recreational consumers are more likely to prefer rather than for medical users.

Recreational marijuana users prize the strongest THC-dominant strains the most. Here are the top 10 strongest THC-dominant strains, as of 2022

  • Kush Mints // Hybrid // THC: 27% 
  • Grease Monkey // Indica // THC: 31%
  • Pacman // Indica Dominant Hybrid // THC: 24 – 29%
  • Chocolate OG // Indica // THC: 26 – 30%

CBD-Dominant Strains

As a result of the popularity of cannabidiol’s therapeutic uses, cannabis cultivators breed strains high in CBD and low in THC. Cannabis strains with high CBD and low THC levels are not usually for recreational purposes. CBD-dominant cannabis strains don’t make users high because of their low or negligible psychoactivity.

Instead, CBD-dominant marijuana strains provide the raw materials for CBD products, like oils, edibles, and skin products.

 Because hemp contains trace amounts of THC while rich in CBD, hemp is a popular and legal source for CBD health products.

Landrace Strains (Unlike other strains of cannabis, landrace strains are original and pure strains)

These are the earliest and purest forms of cannabis that still exist today. Landrace strains are the most natural of all cannabis strains. They grow naturally throughout their regions and are ideally suited to their climates.

These landrace strains of marijuana plants have evolved into large, hardy plants capable of producing big yields. Forming high concentrations of terpenes and cannabinoids, they create complex resins.

Generally speaking, landrace marijuana strains are Sativas or hemp varieties that tend to contain low levels of THC, except for those found in South Asia, which are primarily Indicas. In North Africa and Central Asia, several variations of Ruderalis landrace strains exist.

Most modern cannabis strains come from landrace strains, which is crucial because they form the basis for future strain development. Developing new strains is only possible with the genetic foundation they serve.

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